World Environment Community Health Animals Celebrity Submit A Site Find A Charity
"Underwater Wilderness" Areas

New Hampshire Public Radio

1366 days ago   Article ID# 1482945
Original URL


Natural Resources Defense Council

CONCORD, NEW HAMPSHIRE (New Hampshire Public Radio) - “Underwater wilderness” is a term sometimes used to describe so-called Marine Reserves, a type of Marine Protected Area (MPA) where offshore drilling and mining are not allowed and fishing is either heavily restricted or banned altogether. Marine Reserves, which occur in both tropical and temperate waters, typically have large amounts of biodiversity and are important to protect because they play a key role in rebuilding depleted fish populations and revitalizing wider ocean ecosystems.

“Research shows that protected ocean areas harbor more fish, bigger fish, healthier habitat and more diverse life than unprotected areas,” reports the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). “And these safe havens have a spillover effect, as abundant marine life begins to populate waters beyond the borders of the reserve.” NRDC adds that Marine Reserves will become even more important as the ocean is stressed by both climate change and ocean acidification, an ongoing lowering of the ph of the seas caused by absorption of carbon dioxide emissions.

While the actual area covered by Marine Reserves is small, their contribution to marine biodiversity is important. The U.S.’s 223 Marine Reserves make up just 3.1 percent of its waters and only eight percent of the world’s MPAs. Some 95 percent of U.S. Marine Reserves are located in the 140,000 square mile Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in Hawaii—established in 2006 by President George W. Bush—with the rest spread out across many smaller ocean, estuarine and Great Lakes waters.

“Although rare, no take areas, also called marine reserves, are sometimes used to protect spawning or nursery grounds, or to protect ecologically important deep-water habitats,” reports the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which administers the U.S. National Marine Protected Areas program. “Some are used as research and monitoring zones to serve as a baseline that allows comparisons by managers and scientists of undisturbed control areas to those impacted by human activities.”

Currently 54 Marine Reserves are federally managed as part of national park, national wildlife refuge or national marine sanctuary systems. Another 141 are managed by state agencies, 19 are managed at the territorial level, and nine are managed by public/private partnerships. NOAA reports that efforts to incorporate Marine Reserves into existing coastal and ocean management plans are occurring in many states, including in the Florida Keys, where the Tortugas Ecological Reserve prohibits the taking of marine life and prohibits vessel discharges, and in California’s Channel Islands and along parts of the Oregon coast, where Marine Reserve designations have been effective in bringing back fish stocks.

Marine Reserve designation may be a U.S. term, but Australia, New Zealand and the U.K. all have their own form of Marine Reserves, and countries in Southeast Asia, Africa and Europe are working to establish similarly protections. Meanwhile, the international environmental group Greenpeace wants to establish marine reserves in international waters not subject to any one country’s rules and regulations.

Copyright 2015 New Hampshire Public Radio   (Copyright Terms)
Updated 1366 days ago   Article ID# 1482945

Natural Resources Defense Council    View Charity Profile    Visit Website

More Natural Resources Defense Council News

Groups file UNESCO petition to save monarch world heritage site in Mexico

230 days ago From enewspf.com 


EPA sued for failing to protect monarch butterflies

273 days ago From newsmaine.net 


NRDC Petitions EPA to Save the Monarch Butterfly

635 days ago From eNews Park Forest 

PARK FOREST, ILLINOIS - In a petition filed with the Environmental Protection Agency, NRDC said current uses of glyphosate are causing “significant ongoing harm” to ... Flag as irrelevant ...

James Taylor appears in anti-fracking TV ad

638 days ago From Worcester Telegram 

WORCESTER, U K - The Natural Resources Defense Council said the ad began running Thursday on Raleigh-Durham area television stations, as well as on cable TV and ... Flag as irrelevant Edit this alert You have received this em ...

Canada no GHG mitigation plan amidst Keystone XL pipeline

820 days ago From EcoSeed 

TORONTO, CANADA - ... despite the country's growing tar sands industry and the continuous push for the Keystone XL pipeline, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council. ...

Go to page:   1    2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  Next >> 

<< Return To Environment News

Action Center

Climate change endangers Antarctica's iconic species

Action: Climate Change

Antarctica is best described in superlatives: It is the coldest, windiest, driest and highest continent on Earth - along with ...

Save the Kentucky arrow darter

Action: Wildlife Conservation

In the mountains of eastern Kentucky, an unexpectedly beautiful fish needs you to speak up for its protection.


Destruction of Brazil's Amazon forest jumps 16 percent in 2015

Action: Stop Deforestation

The destruction of Brazil's Amazon forest, the world's largest intact rainforest, increased by 16 percent in 2015 from a year ...

Beijing residents told to stay inside as smog levels soar

Action: Stop Pollution

Beijing’s residents have been advised to stay indoors after air pollution in the Chinese capital reached hazardous levels.

Preservatives from cosmetics build up in the bodies of far-flung marine mammals

Action: Save Our Oceans

Compounds from our makeup and bathrooms are winding up in the bodies of dolphins, sea otters, and polar bears – sometimes tho ...

View All Actions >>





Follow Us


Find A Charity

Action Center




Twitter Support



Add A Site




Privacy Policy






Terms of Service

Copyright © The Charity Vault All rights reserved.