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In Chad, promoting immunization to fight deadly measles

By Josephine Ferreiro, UNICEF-press release

1322 days ago   Article ID# 1462963
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United Nations Children's Fund

NEW YORK, NEW YORK (UNICEF-press release) - During the second phase of a measles immunization campaign, in early February, vaccinators were hard at work immunizing long lines of waiting children.

Josette Bakita has brought two grandchildren to the vaccination tent on a busy dirt road near N’Djamena’s Union Hospital. Ms. Bakita, a social worker at a nearby school, understands the effects of measles and is doing her part to help stop the epidemic.

She has seen parents who do not know how to help their children once they have contracted the disease.

“They are desperate to seek help from traditional healers. I know this can worsen the condition of the child, and sometimes it’s too late and children die,” she said. “Therefore, I try to raise awareness at my church, especially with the mothers, and explain to them how they can vaccinate their children so that they are not in danger.”

Raising awareness

Measles is one of the leading causes of death among children under age 5 in Chad. Complications associated with the disease can be especially deadly, and are more common in young children. Among vulnerable populations, such as those with high levels of malnutrition and a lack of adequate health care, as much as 10 per cent of measles cases result in death. Yet the disease is easily prevented with vaccination.

The Ministry of Health in Chad, with the support of the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the Measles Initiative and other partners, has launched a national campaign to immunize all children between ages 6 and 59 months against measles. During the first phase of the immunization campaign, in January, children between 0 to 59 months old also received a vaccine against polio.

With UNICEF support, hospitals and health centers are informing communities about the importance of vaccinating children against measles. Health official Martine Batakira sets up a bench and cardboard box as a mobile office outside the vaccination tent in her district of Amkounjara. Her district is targeting around 6,800 children for immunization.

“Parents wait until the last minute to treat their child, and sometimes it’s already too late. And this is especially true for measles.”

Ms. Batakira has five children, and their family has been an example to the community. During a measles outbreak, members of the community noticed that her children were unaffected. “I tell them my children are never sick because they are all vaccinated,” she said.

She notes that many parents also lack knowledge about healthful practices like washing their children with clean water and feeding them properly.

A grass-roots effort

Along with district officials like Ms. Batakira, town criers are playing a big role in communicating these important messages to the public. In Labroserie, Mahamat Kalala, a local crier, uses a megaphone to announce the immunization campaign dates in French, Arabic and the local language of Sar.

Mr. Kalala works closely with the health center to raise awareness of the importance of immunizing children. He has been a town crier for 10 years, and parents in the community trust him.

“Before, parents would just refuse to take their children to get vaccinated,” he said, “but now, we are talking to parents, and I can see how every year there are more and more of them who come for the vaccination.”

He also accompanies members of the UNICEF-supported health center as they go door-to-door to speak with parents who have not had their children vaccinated. Mr. Kalala has 13 children, all of them vaccinated.

“I know that they could die if they were not protected against these diseases,” he said, “and this is what I tell families to help convince them.”

Copyright 2015 UNICEF-press release   (Copyright Terms)
Updated 1322 days ago   Article ID# 1462963

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