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National Weather Service in Buffalo Charity Profile
The National Weather Service has its beginnings in the early history of the United States. Weather has always been important to the citizenry of this country, and this was especially true during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The beginning of the National Weather Service we know today started on February 9th, 1870, when President Ulysses S. Grant signed a joint resolution of Congress authorizing the Secretary of War to establish a national weather service. This resolution required the Secretary of War
"to provide for taking meteorological observations at the military stations in the interior of the continent and at other points in the States and Territories...and for giving notice on the northern (Great) Lakes and on the seacoast by magnetic telegraph and marine signals, of the approach and force of storms"
After much thought and consideration, it was decided that this agency would be placed under the Secretary of War because military discipline would probably secure the greatest promptness, regularity, and accuracy in the required observations. Within the Department of War, it was assigned to the Signal Service Corps under Brigadier General Albert J. Myer. General Meyer gave the National Weather Service its first name: The Division of Telegrams and Reports for the Benefit of Commerce.
Ulysses S. Grant
Later that year, the first systematized, synchronous weather observations ever taken in the U.S. were made by "observing-sergeants" of the Army Signal Service at 22 stations and telegraphed to Washington. An agency was born which would affect the daily lives of most of the citizens of the United States through its forecasts and warnings.The arctic airmass that began to move south into the Northwest and northern Plains on Wednesday will continue south into California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona into the weekend, resulting in temperatures well below normal across the northern and central Plains and much of the West. Low temperatures of 20 to 30 below zero are expected across central and eastern Montana and into the Dakotas. These temperatures are between 30 and 50 degrees below normal. Many locations will approach or set new daily record lows. Freezes and even hard freezes are possible over the next few nights across coastal areas of southern Oregon and northern California. Meanwhile, the heavy mountain snows and even low elevation snows will spread into the Southwest states into the weekend. Over a foot of snow has already fallen across the higher elevations of the Cascades of Washington and Oregon and the northern Rockies in Montana